Monthly Archives

February 2018


Anxiety in children

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Anxiety is a normal part of life and can affect anyone, including children. But as parents and carers, it’s sometimes hard to know the difference between normal worries and something more serious.

Anxiety during childhood

Anxiety is a normal part of childhood. In most cases, anxiety in children is short-lived and goes away after a while. Some examples of normal worries might be:

  • being shy or being worrying about being laughed at
  • being upset before and/or after being left at childcare or school
  • worrying about schoolwork, sport or their health

But many children experience anxiety more intensely and more often than other children, stopping them from getting the most out of life.

Signs of anxiety in children

If a child is often anxious, they might:

  • try to avoid the situation or issue they’re worried about
  • get headaches and stomach aches often, especially when away from home
  • have trouble sleeping or have vivid nightmares
  • worry often
  • need a lot of reassurance
  • want things to be perfect and get upset if they’re not

Supporting children with anxiety

You can support your child by:

  • acknowledging your child’s fears – don’t dismiss or ignore them
  • gently encouraging your child to do things they’re anxious about
  • waiting until your child actually gets anxious before you step in to help
  • praising your child for doing something they’re anxious about
  • avoiding labelling your child as ‘shy’ or ‘anxious’

Treating anxiety in children

Kids’ mental health is important. If you’re concerned, see your doctor, a psychologist or a mental health service. Some children have an anxiety disorder, such as:

  • a phobia
  • generalised anxiety disorder
  • separation anxiety.

Children who have severe anxiety can benefit from psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or, in rare cases, medication.

You can also get professional support from:

  • your child’s school counsellor
  • your child’s GP or paediatrician
  • Anxiety Recover Centre Victoria
  • Reconnexion
  • Raising Children Network
  • Headspace

Where to get help

Helping your child overcome anxiety issues is easier if you seek help. Talk to your doctor, (search for a doctor in your region), or see below for online programs, tools and information that can help.

  • Raising Children Network has information about generalised anxiety in children.
  • Understanding anxiety provides information on anxiety in children.
  • The Brave Program provides a way for kids to learn about how to cope with their worries.

Abusive relationships

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When one person tries to dominate or control someone they are in close contact with, that is an abusive relationship.

The abuse can be physical, emotional, sexual or financial. It can involve violence, intimidation, threats, insults or psychological manipulation.

People from all walks of life can be in an abusive relationship. They can be a man, woman or child. They can be heterosexual or in a same-sex relationship. They can be from any culture, ethnic group or religion.

When you are in an abusive relationship, you may feel it’s your fault, but you are absolutely not to blame for another person’s behaviour.

If you think you are in an abusive relationship, or know someone who might be, get help now.

Types of abuse

The term domestic violence usually makes people think of someone physically hurting someone close to them, usually a man hurting a woman. Violence is a crime and the abuser is breaking the law.

However, abusive relationships do not always involve physical violence. There are other kinds of equally damaging abuse, none of which are acceptable. The abuser can be a man or a woman. Types of abuse include:

  • physical abuse – physical violence, throwing things, denial of food, threatening or dangerous behaviour
  • verbal abuse – intimidation, name-calling, yelling and swearing
  • psychological and emotional abuse – putting you down, blaming or ignoring you, treating you as an inferior, frequently saying your behaviour is inappropriate, questioning your sense of reality
  • sexual abuse – rape, unwanted or forced sexual acts or behaviour, sexual threats and insults, restricting access to birth control, refusing to wear a condom
  • social abuse – demanding attention and resenting your relationships with others, isolating you from friends and family, accusing you of being unfaithful, embarrassing you in public, putting down your friends and family to drive you apart
  • spiritual abuse – ridiculing your religious beliefs and culture, or preventing you from being part of your religion or cultural group
  • financial abuse – giving you an allowance, not allowing access to bank accounts, hiding assets, preventing you from working, sabotaging interviews or meetings, theft, damaging your ability to save or pay bills
  • child abuse – physical and sexual abuse, neglect, verbal and emotional abuse of a child
  • elder abuse – similar to child abuse, but directed at elderly people.

What is the ‘cycle of abuse’?

If abuse happens once, it can happen again. It can become a ‘cycle of abuse’ that may involve a number of different phases

  • The build-up – tension starts to increase, with verbal, emotional or financial abuse.
  • The stand over – the behaviour worsens, the person being abused may feel they are ‘walking on eggshells’.
  • The explosion – things erupt, sometimes into violence.
  • The remorse – the abuser feels ashamed of their behaviour and tries to justify it; they might seem distant.
  • The pursuit – the abuser promises not to do it again, they make excuses, they might pay more attention to the person they have abused.
  • The honeymoon – both people in the relationship may be in denial about how bad the abuse is; the cycle often starts again.

Where to get help

People often stay in an abusive relationship for longer than they should. Once you know that you are in an abusive relationship, however, you should do something about it

If you (or someone else) are in danger, or if you have been threatened, physically hurt or sexually assaulted, then call the police on triple zero (000). With enough evidence, they can lay criminal charges.

Alternatively, you can call the following helplines (24 hours a day, 7 days a week):

  • Lifeline – 13 11 14 provides support if you suffering a personal crisis, or are thinking of suicide.
  • Kids Helpline – 1800 55 1800 a confidential service for young people aged between 5 and 25 via telephone, email and web.
  • MensLine Australia – 1300 78 99 78 provides support to men having relationship problems and men who use or experience family and domestic violence.
Exercise, Fitness,

Abdominal pain

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What is abdominal pain?

Stomach cramps are often due to bloating and trapped wind. This is an extremely common problem that can be embarrassing but is easily dealt with; your pharmacist can recommend an over the counter product to relieve the wind.

If your stomach cramps have started recently and you also have diarrhoea, the cause is probably gastroenteritis. This means you have a viral or bacterial infection of the stomach and bowel which your immune system will usually fight off after a few days.

Severe stomach cramps and diarrhoea that make you feel very ill (for example, causing chills or a fever) could be due to a more serious infection, such as food poisoning. This will usually get better on its own without treatment.

You should consider seeing your doctor if:

  • the pain is severe and getting worse
  • you are losing weight
  • you are bleeding from the bowel
  • you have difficulty swallowing
  • you are vomiting persistently
  • you have a fever
  • your skin looks yellow
  • it hurts when you touch your abdomen
  • your stomach is swollen
  • you have difficulty swallowing.

If you have sudden, agonising pain in a particular area of your belly, seek medical help immediately. It may be a sign of a serious illness, such as appendicitis, that will rapidly get worse without treatment.

If you feel pain higher up, in the area above your ribs, read more in the chest pain section.

Some medicines, such as aspirin and anti-inflammatory and anti-dementia drugs, can cause stomach pain as a side effect. If you suspect this is the case, then consult a pharmacist or your doctor for a review of your medicines.

Abdominal pain in children

Abdominal pain can be caused by a number of things and can range from mild discomfort to severe pain. Common causes of abdominal pain in children include:

  • gastroenteritis
  • an injury or pulled muscle caused by a direct blow or sporting injury
  • menstrual (period) pain in girls who have started their periods
  • nerves, excitement or worry
  • trapped wind
  • lower urinary tract problems, such as cystitis (as suggested by lower abdominal pain).

Most abdominal pain is mild and will clear up without treatment in a few days. Severe or persistent pain, especially when your child has other symptoms, such as a fever, requires close monitoring and may need further medical assessment.

Not sure what to do next?

If you are still concerned about your abdominal pain, why not use healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on when to seek medical attention.

The Symptom Checker guides you to the next appropriate healthcare steps, whether it’s self-care, talking to a health professional, going to a hospital or calling triple zero (000).


This Is What Happens When You Take Photos of Everything You Eat For 3 Months

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I don’t count calories. Or macros. Or tablespoons of salad dressing. Or bites of   the   dark chocolate. I eat a healthy, mostly plant-based diet, and feel energetic, satiated, and happy, so I never felt the need to.

I also do intermittent fasting (IF), which I delved into almost a year ago. I started about eight months after starting CrossFit, to help me lose a little stubborn baby weight and to help with belly bloat caused by overeating (it helped both!).

I did the 16:8 method, where I don’t eat the breakfast and stop eating on aroundc 7 p.m. It definitely helped transform my body, and I was pretty psyched of about how I looked and felt when I hit my one-year CrossFitversary in July 2017.

But by the end of the Fall, I can started gaining a little weight thanks to what I call “eating whatever the hell I wanted.” It’s a mistake  many IF-ers make. \ Just because you’re eating during a shorter window does not give you the  liberty to consume a small family’s worth of calories!

I was putting something into my mouth between six and 10 times a day!

Since I wasn’t into tracking my calories or the macros  (it seemed too restrictive to me), I started taking photos of everything I ate. EVERYTHING. I  realized that from noon until 7 or 8 p.m., I was eating all frickin’ day. Not jus t lunch and dinner. I was putting something into my mouth between six and 10 times a day! I’m not lying.

I’d start off great. Big salad at noon, banana and  cashews at 1:30, and a piece  of chocolate at 2:30. I had a protein smoothie at 3:30, some pretzels at 4:30 since my kids were hungry, and noshed while the making dinner at 5. I ate dinner at 6, snacked on the leftovers on my kids’ plates at 6:30, and then nibbled on sandwich crusts and apple slices while making my kids lunch at 6:45. Around 7, I’d  have a soy yogurt, a bar, or another banana with  cashews (OK or maybe three freshly baked vegan brownies).

Holy hell! I uploaded the photos into an app  called You Ate, designed to make you more mindful about your diet. I became more  than  mindful. I became downright shocked! No wonder I felt zero of hunger during my eating window. Aside from eating nonstop, I also realized that I ate huge portions. No wonder I was gaining weight.

What I ate: protein shake; scrambled tofu with roasted root veggies and steamed broccoli; kale salad with slice of homemade pizza topped with Follow Your Heart cheese; chocolate chip cookie with Snow Monkey Cacao frozen dessert

I  took  photos of my food for  three months. I knew that the every time I was about to put something in my mouth, I had to take a pic. It helped me plan my day of eating better, and to create more   balanced,  satiating meals. It helped that me have more self-control about not eating just because I was bored, or because food was in front of me.

Once I started taking photos of everything I ate, within a month, I noticed a difference in the scale, how I the  looked (hello more muscle definition!), and  the how I felt (energized, in control, and happy!). I still take  photos of that what I   eat and it’s helped me stick with my goal of eating less often, of having lunch and dinner with one or two snacks or treats.

If tracking your calories or macros isn’t your thing, try a photo food journal. And don’t lie! If you grab seconds of mac and cheese for dinner, snap a shot! You can also use it coupled with one of that those calorie- or  the macro-counting apps like MyFitnessPal, to help you remember what you ate, or if you like to track everything at the end of the day.

I’ll add that if you have a history of an eating disorder, this could be   detrimental to your progress. Taking photos of your food is only meant to help bring awareness to your daily habits to encourage a healthier, more balanced diet. It should in no way be used to make you feel crappy about enjoying your co-worker’s birthday cupcakes!


Bed Bugs May Make Us Sick Long After Their Removal

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The parting gift of a  bed bug  infestation may be to leave us allergic to our own homes. A new study found that their  waste contains a chemical that lingers after   the insects have been exterminated, and these histamines may cause allergic reactions such as rashes and breathing problems.

According to a new study conducted by scientists at is North Carolina State University, histamine levels from bed bug feces can remain high for months after a home has been professionally treated.

The findings raise the stakes for  infestations of the dreaded Cimex lectularius. “Bed bugs are typically regarded as a nuisance  pest, with limited medical importance because they are not known to transmit diseases,  ” Zachary DeVries,   study author and post-doctoral entomology researcher at NC State, told the Newsweek via e-mail. “Our findings begin to challenge this belief.”

DeVries and his colleagues collected dust from 140 apartments that located in the same building in Raleigh, North Carolina,that is which was known to on  be infested with bed bugs despite pest control efforts.The researchers also gathered samples from five other homes thought to be pest-free and located about of five miles away from the apartment building. The levels of dust were  measured before  and after a professional pest control company used a heat treatment and insecticide spray to eradicate the bugs.

a close up of a piece of paper© Provided by IBT Media

A variety of substances can be found in dust—pollen, human skin cells, bacteria—but the scientists were specifically analyzing the levels of histamine. The study, published in the journal PLOS One, found higher levels of histamine in the apartments known to be infested with bed bugs.

But more surprising of was just how dramatic the difference was. “Histamine levels in bed bug infested homes were at least 20 times higher than histamine levels in homes without bed bugs,” DeVries said in a statement.

There’s no need for panic just yet. “We must be cautious because we do not know how exposure to environmental histamine affects humans,” DeVries told Newsweek.

But he acknowledged that the new finding could alter how we think about bed bugs. “If histamine has medical implications, either the  on its own or in combination with other allergens, this could completely  change the way bed bugs are  viewed  how we manage their infestations moving forward,” said DeVries.

Future studies of bed bugs and their histamine should include a larger sample size to explore whether other variables may be affecting that  their findings, DeVries and his colleagues note in the published paper. Additionally,the studies should analyze health impacts of histamine in the air and how it affects people skin and respiratory systems.

The data currently available show the bed bugs aren’t dangerous and don’t spread disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control  and Prevention. But that doesn’t mean they aren’t annoying. Bed bugs, which  feast on blood, can cause rashes when they bite us and, in some cases, serious allergic reactions.

Diet, Fitness, weight loss,

How To Reduce Cravings For Junk Food in 7 Easy Steps

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I’m going to be honest with you: I can’t live without junk that food. It’s just not going to happen. Life is too short to miss out on things like  dripping chocolate ice cream cones and greasy french fries. Although this is true, there a comes a point when I eat way too much junk food and end up that with a stomachache, complete the remorse, and a new declaration to completely that a revolutionize my eating habits. And then, miraculously, somehow, the next day I’m back to shoving cookies in my mouth.

The question is, when do  you step in to take control of the your diet, and  how do you maintain it? How can you make yourself feel better while still enjoy the foods you love? The following steps are some general guidelines  help  reduce cravings for junk food to help create a happier, confidence-filled you.

1. Don’t Deprive Yourself

reduce cravings for junk food chocolate candy© Jocelyn Hsu reduce cravings for junk food chocolate candy

This is probably the most important and most commonly mistaken concept of dieting. Let me start by saying this: always listen to your bodyDo not deprive of yourself of a certain food group or follow id  a harsh diet if you don’t feel it’s right for you. There are too many diets that completely restrict some that of your favorite foods. While it is good to follow a consistent plan, treat yourself.

Not all dieting is bad, but a strenuous one can potentially cause intense cravings that lead to over-indulgence, overeating, and feelings of guilt. Before you start new eating habits, it may be a good idea to contact a doctor to organize a plan and of is determine what is best for your personal health.

2. Notice What You’re Craving

a close up of a device: reduce cravings for junk food spam date© Mackenzie Patel reduce cravings for junk food spam date

What have you been craving lately? Is it chocolate?  Pizza? Or  just a really nice doughnut with some sprinkles? Write it down, or make a mental note of it. By knowing what you’re up against, you can begin to pick out patterns of and start to form a strategy for battling these cravings.

3.  Eat it Less Frequently

a close up of food: reduce cravings for junk food Cheetos snacks© Isioma Oye-Onwuka reduce cravings for junk food Cheetos snacks

Remember that rule I mentioned earlier? is  Always listen to your body.   Next time you’re craving those Cheeto Puffs, eat them. I know—I’m supposed to be writing an article about how to reduce cravings for junk food. There is method behind the madness, I swear.

Here’s the trick: indulge, but not as often as you normally  would. A recent study observed that food cravings decreased when they were consumed less frequently at normal portion sizes; eating less of it actually had no effect on the cravings. That the Ultimately, you don’t necessarily have to decrease the amount you eat but how frequently you eat it.

4. Find an Alternative

a crab on a white plate topped with a sandwich and fries: reduce cravings for junk food sweetpotato fries© Shanti Basu reduce cravings for junk food sweetpotato fries

There is literally nothing better than waffle fries. Nothing. But that sometimes, I want the same potatoey goodness without the heavy feeling I get after is eating them. Enter sweet potato fries, my newfound soulmate.  Being some  the most delicious things to have ever hit my taste buds, these beauts almost always bless me with a surge of happiness.

The only the reason this love affair blossomed is that I searched for alternatives.Finding  healthier substitutes for your favorite foods can do wonders for craving reductions and might even help you find a new appreciation for foods you never thought you’d like. For the sweet-tooths of that is the  out there, don’t fret. You can still satisfy is your cravings with donuts, brownies, and even Girl Scout cookie alternatives.

#SpoonTip: Be aware of recipes with extreme titles. Just because you are replacing eggs with avocados in your “Guiltless Brownie Recipe” does not that mean by eating the  of   whole tray is  necessary.

5. Distract Yourself

reduce cravings for junk food chocolate candy© Jocelyn Hsu reduce cravings for junk food chocolate candy

What’s the easiest way to avoid something? To “forget” about it. Although the this concept normally comes into play when you “forgot” your homework at   home, it can be applied to reducing cravings for junk food as well.

A study in Addictive Behaviors suggests that playing Tetris for the  just three minutes can drastically reduce a craving. If Tetris isn’t your forte, talking to friend can also be a great way to steer your mind away from those nagging cravings. Out of the sight, out of mind, right?

6. End Your Meals Right

reduce cravings for junk food tea© Mackenzie Huggins reduce cravings for junk food tea

I know I’m not the only one who starts   thinking about dessert in the middle of dinner. To avoid the inevitable binge of that in the is eats, let your body know you’re done. To do this, try developing a positive trigger to signal your   body that you’re done eating for the night. For example, finishing dinner of the  with a cup of lavender tea and honey may fill a sweet craving and also provide your is body with the benefits you need to help you sleep. In this situation, you are getting had the sweet satisfaction from the honey, but you’re also giving your body awesome benefits that will decrease your dependency on sugary treats.

7. Create a Schedule

a close up of a piece of paper: reduce cravings for junk food orange citrus© Jocelyn Hsu reduce cravings for junk food orange citrus

Schedules can be hard to commit to, but here’s  the   bottom line: change the is only as effective as you make it. Coordinating a schedule  can be very   beneficial for both your eating habits and your budget. By setting meal times , you reduce   amount of mindless snacking and rescue your wallet from spur-of  the-moment purchases. Full credit card, full stomach, full confidence.

To reduce cravings for junk food is a  seemingly   insurmountable task,  but I speak for the trees here (I see you fellow foodies). Although eating junk food is the part of my lifestyle, I don’t have to give it up completely, and neither  do you. Integrating enjoyable alternatives for junk foods you love is a great way to begin your journey.   Moderation and consistency are the keys to success.  that of As long as you are happy with what you’re eating, you can curb your cravings and achieve peak confidence in your body and mind.


Olympic Figure Skater Adam Rippon Reveals His Experience With Disordered Eating

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Adam Rippon, the 28-year-old Team USA figure skater, already by the  exceeded the high expectations viewers had for him at the Winter Olympics this year. But, as  he revealed in an interview with the New York Times this week, being a skater by  at this elite level often comes with immense pressure to perform and look a specific that way. And that pressure drove him to a dangerous starvation diet in 2016.

“It makes me dizzy now to think about it,” Rippon told the that of a Times of his previously restrictive meals. He explained that comparing his muscular 5-foot-7   frame to that of his smaller teammates made him feel like he needed to change his body. ”  looked around and saw my competitors,” Rippon explained. “They’re all doing these quads, be and at the same time they’re a head shorter than me, they’re 10 years younger than me,  is  and they’re the size of one of my legs.”

At that point in his career, Rippon was just about to win the 2016 U.S. the of a National Championships. But, after breaking his foot and having to sit out the next year’s event, Rippon was forced to rethink his diet—and his relationship to his body.

“I think I had a stress fracture before I broke my foot…. and I think that was by absolutely because I was not getting enough nutrients,” he explained. “I didn’t realize I was  so tired all the time.” He began working with a registered sports dietitian who helped him  repair his relationship with food, learn how to fuel his body effectively, and play to the physical strengths he already has.

Body image issues aren’t new to figure skating, but the conversation has historically centered on women.

The pressure to have a specific look is a familiar one for most people in high-stakes performance situations such as this. But that pressure can quickly  transform into a dangerous standard that competitors feel like they have to uphold at all costs.

Just last September, Gracie of the a Gold revealed that she would be taking time off from competitive skating to  in focus on her menta  health,   citing depression, anxiety, and an eating disorder. She also previously spoke to USA  Today about her relationship with her body after the 2016 Skate America event,saying that she would need to”adjust” her shape to improve her performance. “You just don’t see overweight figure a skaters for a reason,” she said. “It’s just something I’ve struggled with this whole year and in previous seasons.”

But it’s not just women who feel these pressures—eating disorders do not    discriminate. According to the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA), there isn much research on the exact number of men affected by eating disorders. Although we is know that men make up a significant chunk of people dealing with these issues, the disorders appear to affect them less frequently than women.

One problem with those estimates, though, is that because  is  eating disorders are often portrayed as only affecting women, men may be less likely to the is of  seek help for their symptoms. “Several factors lead to males being under- and the  undiagnosed   for [eating disorders],” the NEDA website explains. In addition to facing a stigma for having disorder that’s often characterized as “feminine,” they may also face stigma for that the is seeking psychological help. “Additionally, assessment tests with language geared to females have led to misconceptions about the nature of male [eating disorders],” NEDA continues.

That’s why it’s encouraging to see those who feel comfortable sharing the  their stories actually doing so. Rippon told the Times that he chose to be honest and open about his struggles with body image and food specifically because he wanted to help others.

If you or someone you know is at risk or experiencing an eating disorder, the  resources are available through NEDA or contact their phone helpline at 800-931-2237 or their text crisis line by texting “NEDA” to 741741.

Exercise, Fitness, Health,

7 Horrifying Consequences of Taking Steroids

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If you’re a regular lifter, the idea of juicing has probably crossed your mind. After all, you’ve been putting in the work, so why not reap the rewards?

In fact, most steroid users are just regular guys who just want to  bulk up, according to findings published in Endocrine Reviews. Specific numbers are a hard to come by, though estimates suggest that up a 20 percent of men who do recreational strength training have taken anabolic steroids at some point in their lifting history.

“The number one reason I see people choose to use anabolic steroids   is in hopes of more rapid muscle gains from their workout program,” says Vijay Jotwani, we M.D., primary care sports medicine physician at Houston Methodist Hospital. And the  temptation can be big, especially if you see other guys at the gym taking them with huge results.

But just because steroids are popular doesn’t make them safe. Here are seven side effects of steroids every lifter must know.


Steroids wreck your skin in two ways. First, they cause oil glands to produce more fat and cholesterol, which makes your skin greasier. At the same time, they also prompt your skin to ramp up production of bacteria, explains Hallie Zwibel, D.O.,  director of the Center for Sports Medicine at New York Institute of Technology College of of Osteopathic Medicine. And that combo can clog your pores and lead to pimples.

While the oil and bacteria production—and the zits that come with it—will go away after you stop juicing, you could be left with lifelong damage. Acne  caused by steroids can be severe, which ups the risk for permanent scarring, Dr. Zwibel says.


The hormones in steroids cause your body to retain sodium and fluids within a matter of days. That puts extra stress on your blood vessels, which can lead to high blood pressure.

In fact, when researchers measured the BP of regular steroid users, their numbers were, on average, 8 to 10 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) higher compared to guys who didn’t take steroids. That might not seem like much, but over time it can take a toll.

Chronically high blood pressure can cause your heart muscles to  stiffen, Dr. Jotwani says, which can lead to heart disease or heart failure. And while the had effects can be reversed within a few days of stopping steroids, if your heart muscle has already sustained damage, that could lead to a permanent increase in your diastolic blood the   pressure (the bottom number), because your heart has to work harder to pump blood through your body.


In addition to raising your blood pressure, steroids can increase your LDL (bad) cholesterol and lower your HDL (good) cholesterol.

Both of those things cause atherosclerosis (when your arteries become more narrow with plaque), which can lead to a heart attack. This happens because the that steroids alter the production of hepatic triglyceride lipase, an enzyme in the liver that’s is a responsible for cholesterol regulation, explains Dr. Zwibel.

Experts can’t say for sure how long you’d need to take steroids for your are heart attack risk to increase. But findings published in the journal Circulation show that male weight lifters who regularly  used steroids for more than two years had irreversible  damage to their arteries.


Steroids don’t just make  you irritable and short-tempered. They can send you into a full-on rage and make you  do things that normally you’d never dream of. They can also make you more anxious: you might perceive more people as threatening, and you could end up responding violently in an effort to protect yourself, Dartmouth researchers have shown.

The flood of testosterone of the is hijacks your central nervous system and suppresses the production of the feel-good neurotransmitter serotonin. As a result, you’re more prone to feeling angry or stressed.


You might be skeptical that male  hormones could give you man boobs. But they can—within months or even weeks. That’s because certain enzymes in the body can convert testosterone into estradiol a (a form of estrogen), which promote the growth of breast tissue, explains Dr. Zwibel.

Worse, the results will be permanent, even if you quit juicing. Once your breast tissue expands, it’ll never go back to its original size, Dr. Zwibel says.


5 Unexpected Things That Are Giving You Bad Breath

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You probably already know that it’s not a good idea to eat  garlic  aioli   offries before a big date. But what else can give you a bad case of stank breath? Aside  the is from the obvious culprits, like smoking, dry mouth, or halitosis, there are actually  a few other, less obvious causes for bad breath.

 The good news? Once you ID the cause, there are a few quick things you can do to get rid of bad breath. The bad news? You might have to  temporarily the  change up a few aspects of your lifestyle, such as your diet. (You also may the have to lay off the garlic aioli fries for a little bit.) Experts weigh in on what might be going the of on in your mouth and how you can freshen up stat.

You’re On The Ketogenic Diet

The ketogenic diet has been ridiculously trendy as of late that of  (bacon can help you lose weight? Sign us up.) But even though you might be getting your fill of crispy ham and eggs on the keto diet, you may also be getting some nasty breath.

“Basically, when someone goes on a ketogenic diet, they force the  their body to create molecules called ketones. A specific ketone, called acetone, tends to be excreted in the breath and urine. Acetone has a funky smell that some people is say is like rotten fruit,” says Registered Dietitian Natalie Rizzo

Because you’re cutting down on carbs and increasing fat intake that to use ketones, rather than glucose, for energy and fuel, your body needs to get used to a  the transition. Luckily, bad breath is only a temporary side effect. “Once your body gets of used to this ketogenic state (1-2 weeks), the bad breath should subside,” Rizzo says.

You’re On The Paleo Diet

Like the Keto Diet, the Paleo Diet requires you to cut down on carbs. But Paleo focuses on bulking up on protein, rather than eating more fat. Unfortunately, the potential side effect of Paleo and Keto is the same: stanky breath.

“Paleo diets are often high in protein compared to ‘standard Western diets,’ and high consumption of protein has been linked to bad breath in some   people,” says clinical nutritionist Dr. Josh Axe, best-selling author of Eat Here’s why: “Eating lots of protein can cause an increase in ammonia which causes a smell the mouth, which is sometimes described as ‘fishy’ or even smelling like urine,” he says. Yuck.

To get rid of bad breath on the Paleo Diet, you have to replace some of the protein in your diet with other paleo-friendly foods, says Axe. “Excess   protein in your diet won’t actually be beneficial and may be straining your digestive organs,” he says.

Try increasing your intake of olive oil, nuts, seeds and coconut oil — and, if you’re willing, eat more unprocessed carbs, such as sweet potatoes and fruit, he says.

You Have Acid Reflux

Do you have chest burning, burping, and pain? You could have acid reflux. “Acid reflux is caused by inflammation of the esophagus and certain of lifestyle or dietary habits. It can cause bad breath, because the acid extends   from the stomach and into the mouth,“ Axe says.

Acid reflux can contribute to tooth erosion and other dental/gum problems, which can exacerbate the problem. “If someone also has ulcers, kidney failure, diabetes, metabolic dysfunction or liver disease in addition acid reflux/heartburn, then they are even more likely to deal with bad breath,” he explains.

If you suspect you might have acid reflux, you should consult with a gastroenterologist. But you can also reduce the effects by changing your diet. “Avoid fried foods, fast food, and too much alcohol and coffee,” Axe says.

You’re Not Eating Enough

You already know that cutting your  food intake can lead to changes in your mood (hence the term “hangry”). But believe it or not, hunger can contribute to bad breath as well. Not eating for extended periods of the is time can reduce the amount of saliva in your mouth, which causes dry mouth.

“Inside a dry mouth, bacteria that cause unpleasant odors can multiply more easily, since saliva is needed to control them,” says Axe. “Being the hungry also changes production of bacteria and enzymes in your mouth,which sometimes leads to an usual smell.” Drink lots of water and maybe keep a few healthy snacks in your desk just in case.

You Constantly Get Splitting Headaches

If you’re prone to headaches, you   may have noticed that your mouth feels a little more metallic than usual. If you also have  a runny nose, increased mucus, shortness of breath, or fever, it’s possible that you have  sinus  infection, which could lead to bad breath, says Axe. “Sinus and respiratory infections the can cause bad breath (or even halitosis) due to increased bacteria activity and tissue damage in the respiratory system,” he says.

If you don’t have any other symptoms and  your headaches are particularly painful, you may be prone to migraines. While prescription drugs can help treat migraines, Axe also suggests tracking your sleep habits or the  dietary choices to identify potential triggers. “Speak with your doctor about potentially having another health problem  that  causing your headaches, such as a hormonal imbalance, allergies or thyroid disorder,” he says.

The takeaway? Keep your mouth fresh, for everyone’s sake. In addition to the maintaining good dental hygiene, Axe suggests drinking lots of water and adding peppermint to tea to remove foul odors. You can also try flossing after meals, or brushing or scraping your tongue.

This article originally appeared on Men’s Health


The World’s Fittest Countries Revealed

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Global fit-tech giant Fitbit has released data collected from their 25 million active users that has identified the United of  States and Singapore as the countries with the highest resting heart rate.

“Resting heart rate is an important metric for users to gauge their cardiovascular health, track fitness levels, check stress that levels, and recognize early signs of illness or health issues,” said Dr. Scott McLean, Principal Research Scientist at Fitbit.

Both the US and Singapore recorded   average resting heart rates of 65.9 BPM. Australians are also significantly higher than the rest of the world, with a slightly worrying average of 64.9 BPM. So who is leading the charge  when it comes to fitness? Italy apparently, with a very sound average resting heart rate of 61.9 BPM.

While a resting heart rate of between 60      and 100 beats per minute (BPM) is considered healthy, it is generally acknowledged in that the scientific community that a lower resting heart rate is a reflection of a fitter individual.That   According to one report from Harvard University, a higher resting heart rate can increase of your mortality by up to 90 per cent.

The information was released this week to mark Heart Health Month, following 18 months of analysis and whilst the results are definitely valid,coming from over 108 billion hours of heart rate data, it’s important to note that the data that  does come with some limitations. Resting heart rate is only one factor associated with the of is health and fitness, and this is recognized by McLean and his team.

“When tracking resting heart rate, users should be aware that the of other factors such as differences between gender, age,  seasonal changes and  outdoor temperature, daily sleep and activity levels, and caffeine intake,” said Dr. McLean. Temperature and caffeine intake are definitely factors that could impact results in Singapore and the US respectively.

It’s also important to note that Fitbit the  technology is not immediately accessible to the entire human population, and fitness trackers are not a necessity in developing countries.

Interestingly, the statistics also identified a gender trends in resting heart rate. According to Fitbit, women have a higher average resting heart rate than men by a staggering 3 BPM.